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Prospects For Plant Lighting Are Promising, Technology Giants Are Taking Actions By Multi-industry
- Aug 30, 2018 -

Prospects For Plant Lighting Are Promising, Technology Giants Are Taking Actions By Multi-industry

Leading words: Modern plant lighting has problems such as high technical barriers, high initial investment, high operating costs, and long return period. These are the difficulties that LED plant lighting industry needs to face in the process of development and growth,  enterprises will find ways to solve them.

Looking around, there are green and green slices in front of you. 

These vegetables have a green and straight body, arranged in a patchwork, and they are no different from what you usually see. 

However, looking at the layers of the incubator stand in front of the eyes, the vegetables are arranged on the top of the various light source lamps, the feeling is so different. 

It turned out that this is a modern and new way of cultivating agriculture, and the place where large-scale plant cultivation is carried out using this new planting method is called a plant lighting factory, and this is rooted in the rise of LED plant lighting technology.


The tide of wisdom is coming and the agricultural market is opened.

With the gradual maturity of blue LED technology and the introduction of intelligent control technology, Internet of Things technology and sensing technology, the energy consumption of artificial light sources has been greatly reduced, and intelligent plant lighting factories have gradually begun to rise. In 2017, the Internet of Things giant BOE built a 4,500-square-meter plant lighting factory in Beijing, using a variety of LED plant lighting to achieve the light source of vegetables from breeding to maturity throughout the life cycle. This modern planting method overcomes the limitations of the geographical environment, effectively improves the growth efficiency of vegetables, and greatly increases the yield of vegetables. It is reported that the yield of vegetables cultivated in this way can reach five times that of traditional soil cultivation methods.

As early as the end of the 1980s, the United States established the world's largest super-large plant factory, Biosphere 2, which aims to explore the feasibility of closed ecosystem construction. Although the project ended in failure, it accumulated a lot of experience for the development of new agriculture, laying the foundation for the construction of vertical aerial plant factories in the United States in the future. Today, many cities in the United States are building various plant factories and exporting related technologies to the Middle East and other regions.

Today, the concept of intelligent and green environmental protection has long been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Combining high technology with agriculture to create a smart agriculture that meets the needs of modern society is a major trend in the future. By integrating high-tech technologies such as biotechnology, Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence, and sensing technology, and precisely controlling the growth environment according to the law of plant growth, it can optimize plant growth, shorten plant maturity cycle, and increase yield. The purpose of rewriting the history of traditional agriculture “depending on the sky”, this new planting method has far-reaching significance.

Although the advantages of plant lighting technology have been fully highlighted, there are still many obstacles to the formation of large-scale cultivation. Since the initial investment must be invested in a large amount of equipment on the equipment, even if the yield of the grown vegetables can be increased, the vegetables grown are not significantly different in taste and taste from the traditional cultivation methods, and there is no competitive advantage in pricing, so it cannot be quickly Enterprises bring high returns. Coupled with the lack of public understanding of plant lighting technology, it is difficult to open market acceptance at once, and it is necessary to go through a process of popularization.

The technical barriers to smart agriculture with various high-tech technologies are high, and the premise of investment construction costs is high, so it is difficult for general companies to intervene in this field. However, its broad market prospects have successfully attracted many well-known technology companies to arrange, including industrial giants GE, Siemens, LG, Hon Hai, TSMC and other well-known technology giants, including well-known Internet companies such as Jingdong and Alibaba. On April 9 this year, Jingdong UAV Open Entrepreneurship and Smart Agriculture Community kick-off meeting was held at the headquarters of Jingdong Group. Jingdong hopes to build a coverage of the entire industry upstream and downstream by integrating the Group's logistics, finance, fresh and big data capabilities. An open platform for smart agriculture. In June of this year, GE announced the construction of a 5120 square meter LED lighting vertical farm in the UK.

Compared to these technology giants, the entry of the world-renowned lighting giant Osram is more natural. In fact, OSRAM's layout in the field of plant lighting is indeed earlier. After all, OSRAM has a deeper technical accumulation in the field of plant lighting.

In recent years, OSRAM has been vigorously expanding the scope of plant lighting business, improving the industry layout through investment mergers and acquisitions, and is committed to becoming a smart planting system and solution provider. In May of this year, Osram acquired the US company Fluence Bioengineering, and soon after, it joined the Canadian Motorleaf company. The former specializes in the production of LED plant lighting systems based on OSRAM LED chips, and has a dominant position in vertical agriculture. The latter has developed the world's leading high-end greenhouse technology through artificial intelligence and data analysis.

The new smart agriculture, which combines various cutting-edge technologies, is very different from traditional agriculture and has found a new direction for future agricultural development. Therefore, it has won the favor of the global technology giants. However, objectively speaking, smart agriculture is still in its infancy, and there is still a long way to go from large-scale industrialization.


The pattern and challenge of LED plant lighting market

With the urban population's rapid increase in urban population, increasing demand for vegetables, and the continuous reduction of land resources, the environmental burden caused by traditional agricultural production methods is increasing, and it is increasingly important to seek breakthroughs beyond traditional methods of planting. The way of plant lighting has incomparable many advantages. Through intensive planting methods, breaking through the geographical environment restrictions, it can save resources to a greater extent, and it is the general trend of future development.

At present, the three major markets for LED plant lighting are plant plants, plant landscapes, and breeding lighting. In terms of global markets, the United States, Japan, South Korea, the Netherlands and other countries are leading the way in plant lighting. Because Japan has problems such as small land area, large population, and relatively scarce resources, plant lighting technology can well alleviate the pressure brought about by the shortage of resources such as food, energy and land. Therefore, plant lighting technology has received great attention in Japan, and the government has actively introduced relevant policies to support and directly subsidize more than 50% of plant factories and individuals. At present, Japan has the largest number of modern plant lighting factories in the world, and has reached hundreds of them. Due to its advanced technology and experience in plant lighting, Japan is already promoting the export of related technologies. Enterprises represented by Toshiba and Mitsubishi are actively promoting their related technologies to “go to the sea”.

Taiwan is a world-famous "semiconductor kingdom" with a sound photovoltaic industry foundation. The plant factory started in Taiwan around 2010. In terms of resources, Taiwan and Japan are similar. Therefore, Taiwan has chosen to use refined agriculture as its development direction. It has successfully entered the ranks of the world's advanced agriculture, and its plant factory products have been supplied to many European countries.

In mainland China, in recent years, with the acceleration of urbanization, urban population density has increased significantly, resource pressures have increased, and plant lighting technology is at the right time for development. Many companies led by Osram and Sanan Optoelectronics have LEDs. In the field of plant lighting, prepare for the upcoming market.

Although LED plant lighting has a broad market space, there are still some shortcomings in specific applications. Since LED plant lighting needs to comprehensively consider factors such as light intensity, spectrum, tube distribution uniformity, efficiency, and heat generation, and plant growth requires specific bands, different varieties and growth cycles will have different light requirements, so plant factories need Integrate plant species, growth stages, etc., and adjust the optimal growth curve in a timely manner. Osram's OSLON product family perfectly covers the whole process of plant growth. It only needs to adjust the number of LEDs in this series to achieve different ratios of deep blue, super red and far red light. It can be easily and efficiently adapted. Sexual problems.

Overall, the current prospects for the plant lighting market have been optimistic that a global consensus has been reached, and once the market breaks out, it will have a huge impact on the agricultural market. Although the Chinese market started relatively late, due to the huge volume of the Chinese market, once the market breaks out, it will be out of control.